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Monday, April 15, 2024

Two Seats the German Means: 1997 Convertible Comparo


From the April 1997 concern of Automotive and Driver.

“Within the spring a younger man’s fancy evenly turns to ideas of affection,” wrote Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Simple for him to say—sports activities automobiles weren’t a lot of a distrac­tion in 1842. However this spring, we predict, love is in for robust competitors from the niftiest class of two-seaters to come back alongside in a beagle’s age.

Sports activities automobiles had a very good 12 months in 1990, when, all by itself, the brand new Mazda Miata had the chattering lessons wound up for a couple of 12 months and a half. Remembering means again, 1970 stands out, too, for the simultaneous arrival of the fastback Datsun 240Z and the lump-shaped Porsche 914. However 1997’s class of 4 out­shines all of them—three radically new fashions plus a celebrated yearling recent from steroid remedy.

The yearling is, after all, the BMW Z3 2.8, trying all mus­cled up now that its rear fenders have been stretched over a wider rear monitor. What you do not see is the actual muscle. The 189-horsepower six-cylinder from the 328 sedan fills the lengthy engine bay (continued is the four-cylinder model for these underneath physician’s order to restrict their cardiac pleasure).

Topping the radically new listing is the Mercedes-Benz SLK. This deftly engineered two-seater packs a supercharged 4­-cylinder up entrance and a single pink button on the console that transforms the automobile from cosy coupe to open roadster in a single contact of 1 finger. So impressed are we by this SLK that we unhesitatingly voted it to a spot on our 1997 Ten Greatest listing.

Radically new, too, to not point out lengthy awaited, describes the Porsche Boxster. Twenty-some years later, Porsche lastly makes amends for the unlucky 914 with a middle-motor sportster that actually works.

The phrases “radically new” and “lengthy awaited” apply equally effectively to the fourth member of 1997’s sports-car class, the all-­new Chevrolet Corvette. However does that magnum-caliber V-8 Detroiter belong in the identical group with these compact Euro­peans? If worth is all that counts—every one lists for about 40 giant—then you definately’d should say sure. However whether or not you are shopping for fantastic wines, politicians, or sports activities automobiles, worth isn’t all that counts. The expertise and swagger and thrust of the Corvette stream from a philosophy that may be very a lot totally different from the others. Apart from, the ’97 Corvette is a targa, not a real convertible.

When the ’98-model convertible arrives, we might toss it into the combo. Proper now, we have now a trio of German two-seaters seductive sufficient to lure Tennyson again for a rewrite of his well-known line. Let’s have a look at how the check drivers’ fancy turns as we put every one via a springtime romp.

Third Place: Mercedes-Benz SLK

We nonetheless admire the SLK each bit as a lot as we did when naming it to our 1997 Ten Greatest listing at the start of the 12 months. And for precisely the identical causes. “Does the SLK stand because the optimum actual­ization of the idea?” we requested in our January street check. “Darn close to,” we answered. “However let’s be clear. The idea is not Sports activities Automotive. The SLK is extra just like the slam-dunk champ in a league of 1.”


HIGHS: Cheeky beauty, super street grip, draft-free with the roof up, one finger places the roof down.
LOWS: The five-speed is a (groan) automated, the grip reaches its restrict with too little warning.
VERDICT: Solely an unreconstructed sports-car nut would discover this machine missing.


The SLK idea is that this: a cockpit tightly sealed in opposition to climate and noise when the highest is up; a totally automated one-touch, 25-second retraction of that high; and an exceptionally shake-and-rattle-free trip when the highest is down. What you get is the very best of each the coupe and convertible worlds, and a painless transition between the 2, a story of excellence no true sports activities automobile has but to match. Oh, sure, and do not forget the hey-look-at-me styling that con­fers immediate celeb on its driver.

Nonetheless, any two-seater should inevitably be held as much as the sports-car yardstick. After we placed on our driving gloves and set out for enjoyable on this group of three, the final man to seize will get the SLK keys. The automated transmission is a part of the issue. Why flip over to automation one of many enjoyable elements of driving? The supercharged 4­-cylinder just isn’t fairly aesthetically pleasing, both. The putt-putt-putt exhaust sound at idle is simply too near a Farmall’s, and energy stream tends towards an abrupt on/off, relying on accelerator place and the automated’s inclination towards gear­modifications. Too many vital choices are taken away from the driving force and rele­gated to HAL or no matter silicon pseu­donym is on obligation.

We do not love the dealing with, both, an assertion that absolutely requires some expla­nation because the Take a look at Outcomes panel offers the SLK high marks for cornering and braking grip—0.90 g on the skidpad and 170 ft to cease from 70 mph. The issue right here is angle. The SLK is secretive. Vir­tually no data comes again via the steering. Think about a rheostat for dialing up cornering forces. Flip the wheel extra; cornering pressure goes up. As for a way of what the tires are doing, the steering solutions, “What tires?” Skilled drivers, both consciously or uncon­sciously, depend on refined modifications in tire-slip angle to know the place they’re working rel­ative to the boundaries of the tires. Slip angles enhance as cornering forces rise, and the rise goes nonlinear whenever you close to the restrict. Feeling for this nonlinearity allows you to drive on the sting with out ever falling off. However this automobile offers no sense of the sting. Don Schroeder, who drove the monitor portion of the check, reviews that the SLK’s remarkably excessive lane-change pace—greater than 4 mph higher than the others’—was achieved with no sense of the tires slipping. And when slipping lastly turns into obvious, “you encounter a spooky dealing with abyss,” he says.

In fact, this abyss reveals itself solely at extraordinarily excessive lateral forces, and one can normally sustain with the opposite automobiles on this check with little danger. However sports-car enjoyable comes extra from management than from pace, and the enjoyment of controlling this machine is essentially absent.

Fact to inform, after we consider sports activities automobiles, we by no means consider the vastly costlier Mercedes SL two-seaters, both. The SLK shares with the SL line a household resemblance lengthy on strong con­struction, snug appointments, critical engine energy, and enduring styling. However none of those automobiles spreads grins throughout the faces of sports-car guys.

The SLK’s acceleration instances are barely behind the others’ right here, largely due to the automated. Zero to 60 takes 7.2 seconds, and the quarter-mile slips previous in 15.5 second at 91 mph. On our com­parison journey, the SLK outscored the others in gas economic system at 21 mpg, in contrast with 20 for the Porsche and 19 for the BMW. And on chilly mornings, the heater of this SLK blew out loads of BTUs, not like the final one we examined.

Whereas we’re agency in our conviction that the SLK comes up quick as a sports activities automobile, we’re additionally conscious that almost all of wanna-owns desire it that means.

1997 Mercedes-Benz SLK
185-hp supercharged inline-4, 5-speed automated, 3020 lb
Base/as-tested worth: $41,123/$42,095
C/D TEST RESULTS
60 mph: 7.2 sec
1/4 mile: 15.5 sec @ 91 mph
100 mph: 20.0 sec
Braking, 70­-0 mph: 170 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad: 0.90 g
C/D noticed gas economic system: 21 mpg

Second Place: BMW Z3 2.8

Possibly this runabout cannot restore departing hair or shrink the luggage underneath the eyes, however it positive brings to thoughts our youthful days and the Tri­umph TR6. The snorty 2.8-liter six makes the identical textural growl (although enormously muted in contrast with that outdated Brit), the narrow-at­the-elbow cockpit positions the torso upright behind the wheel, the lengthy hood sweeps throughout the view as we flip, the rear suspension responds to energy with that acquainted demi-squat.

Great things? Unsuitable query. The Z3 delivers that uncommon automobile taste, one which’s been savored since Morgans have been younger, wanted by drivers who shun decaf and energy steering with equal vigor. The flavour right here is sports activities automobile, scorching and black.


HIGHS: Easy energy from the six, amusing dealing with from the semi-trailing-arm rear, convincing sports-car temper within the cockpit.
LOWS: “Amusing dealing with” is not the identical as appropriate dealing with, skimpy options listing makes worth appear steep (except you worth high-visibility BMW circle logos).
VERDICT: Very a lot a standard sports activities automobile, with all the fun and gripes that entails.


In truth, the Z3 has energy steering and energy brakes and energy home windows and an influence up/down adjuster on the driving force’s seat—all niceties which have watered down the hearty taste of sports activities automobiles over the previous a number of many years. That is certainly not the snow-in-the-cockpit expertise that Triumph-MG-Healey drivers welcomed as proof that they have been other than the gang of sedan-slogging weenies.

And but—is that this a time machine hauling us again to the ’60s?—the Z3’s windshield shakes on bumpy roads, air currents roil into the cockpit from behind, the stubby gear lever pokes up out of a tall tunnel that may simply as effectively be the Con­tinental Divide for the best way it separates the cockpit into two sides. And there goes the rear once more, hunkering down because the clutch takes up.

No query that this Z3 is nearer to the normal sports-car definition than any­factor else in shops lately (the Miata excepted, after all).

New for 1997 is that this six-cylinder ver­sion, the additional 51 horsepower accompa­nied by vented entrance brakes (the identical diameter as on the 4), a rear monitor elevated by 2.5 inches, a limited-slip dif­ferential, and a brand new entrance spoiler.

The torque begins low within the rev vary and pours on easily and sweetly because the tach swings upward. It is a disciplined powertrain, by no means raucous. It propels the Z3 to 60 mph in 6.3 seconds, 1.8 seconds faster than the four-cylinder Z3, and only a tick behind the quickest of this group, the Porsche. High pace is governor-limited at 129 mph.

In contrast to the SLK, there’s numerous communication right here. The cockpit feels shut, extra intimate than the others. You are in contact. You could have a way of what the equipment is doing. The steering feels substantial—”meaty” within the phrases of one in every of our testers. You possibly can seize maintain of it. Street adhesion is about medium for this group at 0.87 g. Dealing with is precisely what you’d anticipate of a front-engine automobile with semi-trailing arms behind: predictable understeer. But lifting abruptly off the ability in turns will step the rear out to heroic drift angles, even at comparatively low lateral forces. Controlling similar is straightforward and intuitive, nevertheless.

With the highest down and the aspect win­dows up, we rushed alongside some excessive desert roads at speeds as much as 110 mph. Drafty, sure, however not a lot in order that it wasn’t enjoyable, by no means thoughts that temperatures have been within the 50s. Sports activities automobiles goad you into bursts of exuberance like that. With the highest up, this automobile has significantly extra wind­-rush noise than the others.

Downing the Z3’s high is a do-it-your­self challenge bereft of energy assists­—unlatch the header, push again until the stack drops into the effectively behind the seat, after which the quilt, saved within the trunk, should be snapped into place. The main points are effectively designed and easy. Certainly one of our staffers, by himself, did the job in 54 seconds.

Nonetheless, the handbook high, together with a brief roll name of options, a plainly appointed black cockpit, and the listing of typical BMW-sedan mechanicals underneath the pores and skin, says that the Z3 is a slightly quick attain for its maker—actually a far much less imagina­tive idea than both the SLK or the Boxster. Sure, our as-tested automobile lists for about 4 giant lower than the others right here, however the Z3 appears absolutely priced to us.

1997 BMW Z3 2.8
189-hp inline-6, 5-speed handbook, 2920 lb
Base/as-tested worth: $36,668/$37,423
C/D TEST RESULTS
60 mph: 6.3 sec
1/4 mile: 14.9 sec @ 92 mph
100 mph: 18.3 sec
Braking, 70­-0 mph: 171 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad: 0.87 g
C/D noticed gas economic system: 19 mpg

First Place: Porsche Boxster

“Nosy” is the visible first impression of this automobile—the nostril Pinocchios out in entrance of the wheels an astonishing distance. Let or not it’s your warning that the Boxster does nothing the strange means.

We give it high marks on this group as a result of it drives fantastically and plies us with creature comforts in addition. It is a daring rethink of how a sports activities automobile is perhaps con­figured—the lengthy nostril makes room for 2 radiators, one forward of every entrance wheel. The rethink is incautious, too. All engine work—hell, all peeking into the engine room—should be accomplished from the underside. The trunk opens to disclose a nook dedicated to service: dipstick, oil and coolant fillers. That is the rear trunk. The entrance trunk offers entry to brake fluid and washer juice. The engine itself?


HIGHS: Two trunks, an influence roof, slick strikes within the twisties, and simply sufficient conventional Porsche cues to remind that this firm all the time does its personal factor.
LOWS: No engine entry from the highest? Is that this an annuity for the vendor mechanics, or what?
VERDICT: Totally enjoyable to drive, totally unconventional, totally Porsche.


Effectively, they say it is in that field behind the seats.

Wherever it’s, it is a candy contrib­utor to this automobile’s success. It makes whirring sounds, fairly loud and clatter-­free in a means international to Porsches. These whirs fade to background whenever you’re driving. The cockpit is serene. Until the highest is down. Then, if the street is correct, you hear organ-pipe resonances extra lovely than any since Bach when the consumption and exhaust passages move via their 5200-to-5500-rpm tuned frequencies because the flat-six rushes towards 201 hp at 6000 rpm.

The frenzy delivers 60 mph from relaxation in 6.2 seconds, and finishes the quarter-mile in 14.8 seconds at 93 mph, quickest of this group. Drat! The Boxster, within the decrease gears, passes too shortly via its tuned peaks to even discover them. However the music that accompanies the labored acceleration up mountain grades is value nevertheless many trip days a flatlander’s journey might take.

Whereas within the mountains, benefit from the switchbacks. The Boxster’s cornering conduct is first-rate. The steering stays full of life and responsive on the restrict, and the rear tracks reliably behind. Porsche brags of a brand new means of managing deflection steer within the rear wheels. It really works. This isn’t a tail-happy handler, by no means thoughts the repu­tation of mid-engine automobiles. The low-profile Bridgestone Potenza S-02 tires deserve point out right here. Their dramatic gatorback tread sample is sort of as notable because the Boxster’s nosy profile. Their grip is sur­prisingly low, a disappointing 0.81 g on the skidpad, by far much less tenacious than the opposite automobiles’ Michelins. However their breakaway traits are splendidly gradual, so the Boxster is definitely controllable and steer­ready on the restrict. We repeat: Management is the enjoyable of a sports activities automobile, and when you have it, you possibly can usually outrun automobiles that produce higher numbers in extremely practiced test-track maneuvers. Would the SLK be extra enjoyable on these tires, we marvel?

In sharp distinction to the Z3’s conventional method, the Boxster appears devoid of all custom save the occasional Porsche contact (the one, center-outlet exhaust reminds of so many 356 racers). The physique is round-­shouldered, the cockpit is extensive, the instru­ments are marked in italic typefaces, plastic inside particulars are shiny black—­this from the corporate that, within the early Seventies, originated the style of flat­-black trim as a substitute of chrome.

Porsche’s rethink of the sports activities automobile reveals within the energy high, too. A single latch on the high of the windshield should be freed by hand. Then one button stows the roof underneath a hatch on the rear of the cockpit in simply 12 seconds, lower than half the time of the next-best Mercedes. Effectively, it virtually stows the roof: A moon-shaped part of it stays seen behind the dual roll bars, a packaging necessity became an auda­cious design aspect.

Audacious describes the entire bundle. And enjoyable. We anticipate {that a} rethink this radical, from a maker of such low quantity, will satan early homeowners with just a few bothers. Ah, however Boxster mechanicals include a two-year unlimited-mileage guarantee, one thing you possibly can by no means say for springtime love.

1997 Porsche Boxster
201-hp flat-6, 5-speed handbook, 2850 lb
Base/as-tested worth: $41,284/$41,673
C/D TEST RESULTS
60 mph: 6.2 sec
1/4 mile: 14.8 sec @ 93 mph
100 mph: 17.5 sec
Braking, 70­-0 mph: 179 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad: 0.81 g
C/D noticed gas economic system: 20 mpg



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